Makassar, 23-24 August 2017, the Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education (MoRTHE) hosted the APEC Workshop on Vocational Education Linkage with Labour Market.
This APEC Workshop was a self-funded activity in showing Indonesian qq MoRTHE commitment in the APEC Policy Partnership in Science, Technology and Innovation (APEC PPSTI) group. APEC as a reputable economic forum in Asia Pacific that has main goal to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia Pacific regions has paid high attention on the importance of *Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET)*. In APEC PPSTI, the TVET importance has been mentioned several times in the high level joint statements or frameworks. In APEC PPSTI it supports the mission of Subgroup *Building Science Capacity – Enhanced Science Technology and Innovation Education*, with an increase of the degree attainment, researchers, academic publications and technology outputs. For this, Indonesia believes that this commitment has been transformed and materialized into policy and programs in eachnof the member Economies. In Indonesia TVET policy is directed (i) to be in line with the national economic development programs, (ii) to produce graduates that meet with the labour market, and (iii) to fulfill the industrial demands which at the end it would contribute to the national economic growth.
The objective of this APEC workshop was to discuss and to learn on the current situation of TVET programs, in some of APEC economies by sharing experiences and information. It was attended by various speakers and chairs, from Australia, Malaysia, Indonesia, People’s Republic of China (PRC), and Thailand. Participants attended this workshop were from Indonesian Academicians, Business and Government, the Triple Helix Communities.
Nada Marsudi, the Head Bureau of Cooperation and Public Communication, the MoRTHE opened the workshop and expressed her appreciation to all APEC speakers, chairs and participants. She expresses the excitement that Indonesia hosted this event, as in 2013-2015, she chaired the APEC PPSTI in the beginning of its establishment, from the former of the APEC Industrial Science Technology Working Group (ISTWG). Nada further mentioned that Indonesia will face its100 years of independence on 1782045, the golden era, so the current Government of Indonesia must be able to establish excellent education programs, including TVET for the next young golden generation. Indonesia should be able to do that, as in the same time, Indonesia will have a bonus of demography that should be managed to contribute to the national economic growth and to improvement of national welfare. Without having excellent higher education programs, the bonus demography would be a boomerang to Indonesia, therefore now the MoRTHE created many programs for Vocational Higher Education, including the revitalization programs for twelve (12) polytechnic institutes in Indonesia, capacity building, incentives for conducting research, development, innovations, based on competition basis.
Session-1: Development of TVET Policy Framework and Strategic Plan, was chaired by Dr Iqbal Djawad, Director for International Partnership, UNHAS. Five speakers who participated were Dr Paristiyanti, the Director for Learning – MoRTHE, Mr. Mohamad Saeful Hasan, the Indonesian Ministry of Manpower (Kemenaker), Dr Poolsak Koseeyaporn – Director for STEM Workforce, Directorate of New Growth and Competitiveness, the National Science Technoligy and Innovation Policy Office, Mr. Tri Hartono, LRSC, MChem.Eng, Vice Director, Ujung Pandang Polytechnic Institute, as well as Prof. Zita Mohammad Fahmi, Fellow Quality Assurance Expert, MQA, Malaysia.
In this session, participants learned on Indonesian, Malaysian and Thailand programs in TVET and how such programs benefit the societies and their Governments.
Session 2: The Role of Industry to Promote TVET was chaired by Mr Lukas, Head of Human Resources Division, PT Astra Honda Motor. The participated speakers were Mr. Joko Baroto, Head of Human Resource Division, PT Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM), Mr Nigel Carpenter – CEO Sustainable Skills, Australia, Mr. Mohammad Khomeiny, Corporate Affairs Manager, MARS Simbioscience, Mr. Liam Li, Internatiomal Technology Transfer Network, PR China.
This sessions showed strong linkage between vocational education graduates and the industries that utilize them, the appropriate “link and match” that should be implemented well, the 3+1 academic curricula, the industrial experiences/strategies, in order to achieve goals in the industries which at the end it will contribute to the national economic growth.
Interesting topics during discussion were in every APEC economy, there should be the national coordinator who could integrate the TVET programs, as in some countries the TVET programs are still conducted in separately rather than being integrated – centralized. The needs for having more capacity building programs (training, internship, degree scholarship), research and development, as well as incentives for innovation were also raised during the discussion.
On the second day, APEC participants conducted the site visit to PT Mayora and the Ujung Pandang Polytechnic Institutes in Makassar. Indeed, in the overall, the workshop was conducted successfully.