Jakarta – Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education together with Knowledge Sector Initiative (KSI) and the Global Development Network (GDN), supported by PUSKAKOM UI and Center for Innovation Policy and Governance (CIPG) held a discussion on research results with consideration of research activities in Indonesia, policy and practice wise. The program that was held on April 6, 2016 at LIPI Auditorium wishes to participate in encouraging the use of research data base during creation of public policy. Several studies will be conducted to map obstacles of research implementation in Indonesia so that knowledge sector could be used effectively on influencing policy making. (6/4)
In this globalization era, Indonesia faces challenges to compete with other countries in knowledge-based economy. Transformations in the field of research, both in policy and practice is crucial to be done. Research results conducted by Knowledge Sector Initiative (KSI) recommended the importance of simplifying the administrative system for research reporting. Likewise, the monitoring and evaluation systems need to focus on high-quality research output.
With a population of 250 million people, Indonesia is shortage of qualified researchers, especially young researchers. The number of researchers at government research institutions are only about 9,000 researchers. Quality wise, research activities in Indonesia is still not satisfactory globally, which is measured through low numbers of published articles in international journal peer reviews. “In the future, one publication should indicate a development in research”, said Minister Nasir.
A survey result in 2015 mentioned that only University of Indonesia is listed in the world’s top 1,000 universities list, ranked within the 600-800 range which is categorized low in quality. In addition, research policy is not conducive for producing, accessing, and using data/research results.
Another fundamental problems associated with low performance of research in Indonesia is limited allocation of funding for research. Indonesia is the country with the lowest investment in research. The budget allocation for research only around 0.09% of GDP, which is considered very low compared to other middle-income countries such as Malaysia (0.6%), Thailand (0.26%), and China (1.47%). Therefore along with AIPI (Indonesia Academic of Science) who have initiated Indonesian Science Park for funding research in the future, and also cooperate with overseas party for data input of funding. The Ministry of Research, Technology & Higher Education and Ministry of Finance are already in collaboration to establish immediately funding for research.
Various programs has been done to improve the quality of research conducted by universities in Indonesia. A number of them through collaborators, including development and education organizations from countries with advance tradition in social science research. During the past decade, several countries in ASEAN including Indonesia gradually expose their model of higher education in an effort to improve national economy competitiveness. However, these efforts have been limited especially in post-authoritarian countries such as Indonesia and Cambodia. Although there is an increase in fund allocation for research by the government and international donors, the empirical analysis suggest policy constraints at national and institutional level has hampered the productivity of quality research, especially in the field of social sciences. (dts)